Clinical Health Updates

Esophageal cancer occurs in 7/1000 per year

Clinical Question:
How many patients with Barrett’s esophagus will develop esophageal cancer?

Bottom Line:
Approximately 7 per 1000 (0.7%) patients with Barrett’s esophagus will develop esophageal cancer per year. The low incidence of Barrett’s, followed by this low incidence of esophageal cancer, may make routine evaluation of patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux less important.

Thomas T, Abrams KR, De Caestecker JS, Robinson RJ. Meta analysis: cancer risk in Barrett’s oesophagus. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2007;26(11-12):1465-1477.

Study Design:
Meta-analysis (other)

Risk of cancer in Barrett’s oesophagus is reported to vary between studies and also between countries, where the studies were conducted as per several systematic reviews. Cancer incidence has implications on surveillance strategies. The authors performed a meta-analysis to determine the incidence of oesophageal cancer in Barrett’s oesophagus. Articles retrieved by MEDLINE search (English language, 1966-2004). Studies had to necessarily include verified Barrett’s oesophagus surveillance patients, documented follow-up and cancer identified as the outcome measure. A random effects model of meta-analysis was chosen and results were expressed as mean (95% CI). Forty-one articles selected for conventional Barrett’s oesophagus (length >3 cm); eight included short segment Barrett’s oesophagus (one additional article including only short segment Barrett’s oesophagus). Cancer incidence was 7/1000 (6-9) person-years duration of follow-up (pyd), with no detectable geographical variation [UK 7/1000 (4-12) pyd, USA 7/1000 (5-9) pyd and Europe 8/1000 (5-12) pyd]. Cancer incidence in the UK was 10/1000 (7-14), when two large studies were excluded. Cancer incidence in SSBO was 6/1000 (3-12) pyd. When short segment Barrett’s oesophagus compared to conventional Barrett’s oesophagus, there was a trend towards reduced cancer risk [OR 0.55, (95% CI: 0.19-1.6), P = 0.25].